存档二月 2019

在核心开发者眼中IoT如何与区块链相结合?

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原文/Boris

Amazing highpoints of the new IoT Explorer (IoTE)

编译/Eric/中本龙

物联网,以其缩写词IoT广为人知,本质上是由世界各处的设备组成,这些设备帮助我们将传感器数据发送到不同的系统,而这些系统则通过分析、报告数据并随后对其作出响应。不可否认IoT的数据提交、管理、数据安全等是严峻的考验,IoTE提出下一代物联网资源管理器平台。

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一个物联网浏览器平台,是一种软件中继设备,在连接的传感器和用户的应用程序之间提供重要的支持层,IoTE以其作为领先的平台之一而自豪,它为智能物联网应用程序和更大规模的生态系统提供安全、隐私、快速和强大的可扩展性。

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IoTE的突出特色

在IoTE这个物联网资源管理器平台中,我们鼓励越早参与越好,因为机制设置为每6个月区块奖励就会减半;

由于IoTE是面向用户的,所以引入了主节点网络,作为节点建设者的用户将从区块的奖励中获得高达35%的奖励;

IoTE原创的CryptoVantaa算法是CPU友好、GPU抗和ASIC的;

POW利用了CPU挖掘,开发人员已经确保它的阈值惊人地低,能够接纳任何希望使用它的人的广泛参与;

IoTE结合PoW+iPoS混合共识机制,确保P2P网络的有效运行;

尽管是创新的、分散的管理建议系统,但开发者为了帮助证明和巩固未来的DAPP生态建设已经将其打造的非常好了;

随着区块链技术的出现,区块链和物联网的结合有助于解决商业架构中的困难,当然,也为未来用户创造了新的架构;

IoTE具有最好的内置隐私功能,因此用户可以决定是否匿名并仅供进行私人的搜索;

IoTE设想未来一定会取决于DAG和IPFS技术,因此IoTE已融合这些技术,以确保数据能够妥善存储,并且可以快速完成交互;

最后,IoTE具有独特的设计,以适应设想中未来几年会产生的复杂应用。它具有多层网络结构和松散耦合的模块化设计。

IoTE无疑是下一代资源管理器平台,其开发人员坚信:IoTE促进隐私和安全的独特的功能组合,将使其成为未来的一股中坚力量。

IoTE+IPFS可能加速物联网的落地

 Daisy IPFS点滴资讯 2月14日
 
对于一个新事物,无论它是一个新概念,一项新技术,还是一个新物种,认识他就需要探究它的过去、现在和未来,就像西方哲学探究的中继命题:我是谁?从哪里来?到哪里去。凯文凯利在失控中曾说,机器正在生物化,生物正在工程化。事物就像生命体一样,是在不断进化的。我们常提到的物联网(IoT)也是如此。物联网作为一个新概念最早由物联网之夫Kevin Ashton1998年在一次演讲中首次提出,物联网就是通过各种信息传感设备把物品与互联网连接起来,使物品参与到日常的信息交流与通信,从而实现对物品的智能化识别和管理。当今计算机和互联网几乎完全依赖于人类来提供信息。互联网上大约有80多ZB当今计算机和互联网几乎完全依赖于人类来提供信息。互联网上大约有80多ZB的数据(1 ZB=10^12 GB)的数据,其中大部分最初由人来获取和创造的,通过打字、录音、照相或扫描条码等方式。传统互联网蓝图中忽略了位数最多并且最重要的节点——人。但是问题是,人的时间、经历和准确度都是有限的,他们并不适于从真实世界中解惑信息,这是个大问题。我们生活于物质世界中,我们不能把虚拟的信息当做粮食吃。想法和信息很重要,但物质世界是更本质的。当今的信息科技如此依赖人类产生的信息,以至我们的计算机更了解思想而不是物质。如果计算机能不借助我们的帮助,就获知物质世界中各种可以被获取的信息,我们将能够跟踪和计量那些物质,减少浪费、损失和消耗。我们将知晓物品何时需要更换、维修或召回,他们是新的还是过了有效期。物联网有改变世界的潜能,就像互联网一样,甚至更深远。

2016年人工智能迎来了第三次浪潮,人工智能有三个关键元素:算法、数据和硬件计算平台,物联网将者三个元素连接起来构成了一个新的智能物种,物联网是智能新物种的神经,物联网的连接和安全特性将促使智能新物种的不断进化,而智能新物种的进化也会促使物联网的不断进化,物联网和人工智能达到高度融合。

人工智能的浪潮——后浪推前浪,一浪更比一浪浪

物联网与互联网

IoTE与IPFS的用武之地
智能制造,智能门锁,智能机器人,智能汽车……越来越多生活中常见的设备连入这张无形的网络,为我们提供便利,我们上班出门,智能门锁就会告知快递小哥换个时间再来,下班回家发现空调已经开到最舒适的温度……但是便利的同时,我们也会意识到,像互联网一样,物联网可能存在严重的安全问题,由于许多可连网的设备运算能力不高,仅能提供极为简单的应用服务,不可能安装防御软件,仅能依靠内置的加密机制。如果用户沿用默认的密码,黑客就能轻易的攻破。而黑客入侵物联网以后,会转而攻击连上物联网的其他系统,严重时则会获取用户的个人数据,发起跳板攻击。而数据的存储也是一个大问题,存储在本地会给硬件造成不必要的臃肿,存在云端则会有很大的成本支出。那么物联网该怎么解决这两个问题呢?幸运的是我们迎来了IoTE和IPFSIoTE是一套基于分布式技术的新一代物联网浏览器,是一套不可篡改的超级账本。IoTE基于IPFS数据存储协议的数据安全,使用DAG数据的结构和即时通讯技术,大大提高TPS的速度以实现数据交互。IPFS想必名声更大一些,IPFS被称为星际文件系统,是一个面向全球的点对点文件系统,弥补了当前互联网(HTTP)协议的很多不足,IPFS系统连接了同一文件系统中的所有计算设备。通过使用基于内容而不是基于域名的地址;不必验证私有和发送者的身份,只需要身份验证,就可以使Web更快、更安全、更强、更持久。

区块链的分布式对等结构和开放透明算法的加入,可以用低成本建立互信,打破信息孤岛的束缚。区块链不需要解决物联网设备本身的协议和网络,只需要将关键数据写入IoTE网络,区块链的分散结构有效保障了物联网的安全,比特币网络在没有专门组织维护下,平稳地运作了10年就是最好的例子,并且随着节点数量的增加,分散控制使得黑客攻击成本更高。而IPFS网络将文件碎片化存储在不同的节点上,数据安全性非常高。

在AI方面,IoTE也有不俗的表现,区块链主要解决可信信息传递的问题,AI主要解决性信息的智能处理问题,节点之间的数据能够高效共享是分布式数据库的重要特性。人工智能需要大数据,特别是数据共享。而IoTE添加了AI模块,更多数据可用对于分析,预测和评估,这些计算将更加准确,算法也会更可靠。

在交易速度方面,IoTE采用即时通讯技术,大大提高了TPS,目前,IoTE的TPS可以达到600~900,超过了支付巨头Paypal的交易能力,更关键的是,这并不是静态的,随着越来越多的节点申请加入,这一效率会更好,我在实验中测试中给群友转账基本秒到。

IoTE转账秒到

IoTE为了让网络更稳定,避免矿霸的入场,采用了PoW中的CPU挖矿,同时抵抗GPU和ASIC挖矿,让更多的矿工朋友能够参与到其中,与此同时,目前IPFS矿工的CPU都在处于闲置状态,未来IoTE和IPFS/Filecoin挖矿完全可以结合在一起,真正将资源充分利用起来。购买了IPFS矿机的小伙伴在IPFS/Filecoin开工前就可以收回成本甚至获得不菲的收益。研究表明,到2020年,全球“智能连接”的数量将达到1000亿,以及市场规模将达到3000多亿美元,未来预计将达到数万亿美元。大约99%的物体将连接到IoT网络中,也就是说,物联网是各种数据的集合。IoTE在物联网领域进行数据安全、隐私保护和价值转移,由区块链、IPFS、DAG和IoTE组成的物联网,将为我们带来不可估量的价值。

IoTE发行
IoTE(IE)于2019年2月11日芬兰时间上午10:00,北京时间16:00全球同步上线创世挖矿。总量为20亿枚,永不增发。用于IoTE网络上的点对点资产发布、智能合约、可选直接或强匿名数据提交和支付。IoTE采用PoW + iPoS的混合采矿方法,70%的Token分配矿工。剩下的30%分别分配给协议实验室(8%,3年线性)、DAPP(8%,3年线性)、IoTE基金会(5%)、代码贡献者(4%,3年线性)、社区推广(4%,3年线性)、教育援助基金(1%),由此可见,团队对矿工的扶持力度很大,而区块前六个阶段每6个月减半,第七个阶段保持不变,这样既能鼓励大家参与到早期挖矿,又能让P2P网络在后期保持稳定性,在经济模型上可以说是很完善了。按照物联网3000亿美金的保守估计,未来每个代币将价值150美金,而创世区块因为算力较少,笔者用矿机经过测试,早期矿工收益可达3000个IE/天!也就是说每个人都可以通过参与到IoTE网络中挖矿获得不菲的收益!
IoTE代币分配图物联网——终极意义之网
想象一下未来万物互连的智能世界,物联网的神经触角遍及全世界的每个角落,我们每个个体的人和普通物体一样挂在这张网上,就像大脑中一个个小小的神经元,人类是如此伟大,像上帝一样创造了一个智能新物种,却又如此渺小,渺小到只是一个小小的神经元。作为每个个体的人,有两种命运:一种是和普通物体一样,只是作为这个智能世界的一个神经元,为这个智能世界提供数据;另一种是从这个智能世界中不断获取知识和智慧,提升自己的认知,不断进化,成为这个智能系统中的一个控制中枢。 

Welcome To IoTE; The Next Generation IoT Explorer Platform

转https://paperblockchain.com/welcome-to-iote-the-next-generation-iot-explorer-platform/

IoTE, or the Internet of Things Explorer platform, is the latest connected browser technology. Sounds interesting already, right?

The platform is decentralized and is also the best alternative for the ledger or possibly book account.

The transactions executed in the platform are authentic and can be utilized in affirming easy access to the transaction data. The major focus of IoTE is to attain account settlement issues and also material property payment.

IoTE also focuses on overthrowing the regular method of value transmissions in the fields of investment and financing. IoTE has major plans for the upcoming future of technology.

In the future, IoTE will possibly assure the information security strictly based on IPFS information storage protocol. It will also utilize a DAG information structure to enhance the speed of TPS.

With this, IoTE will completely satisfy the data communication in every connected browser. The dApp ecological construction strives hard to build the connected device’s browser.

The PoW And iPoS

For IoTE, it makes use of both Proof of Work (PoW) and iPoS (IoT Proof of Service) as its consensus algorithm. However, the Proof of Work utilizes CPU mining algorithm. Plus, it also makes use of the authentic CryptoVantaa algorithm.

This algorithm is used in submitting the results of every round of hash estimation. Subsequently, these calculations are submitted to the following round of Blockchain estimations. CryptoVantaa is simple to use as it makes use of a friendly CPU resistance.

CryptoVantaa was created to avoid a Proof of Work mining strength Centralization and the control of IoTE from some of the members. Hence, everyone in the network can mine.

With the PoW and iPoS, IoTE can secure the account of its miners.

Additionally, through the joint operation of PoW and iPoS, IoTE’s operations are efficient and do not only make sure there is a right of decentralized information.

Implementation Of iPoS

IoTE host node is basically a server that functions on a peer to peer system. It enables people to use it to get updates concerning events on the system. However, these nodes will need plenty of traffic, hard disk, and some other resources.

This is not considered to be the best method for the good advancement of the peer to peer system. When IoTE is introduced to the Masternode network, it facilitates the speed of propagation and powerful confidential encryption.

The miners operating this Masternodes are required to invest in a stable IP, storage space and adequate bandwidth. The Masternode can receive roughly 35% of the block’s complete reward.

IoTE’s Privacy Feature

IoTE’s confidentiality function is a powerful privately coded asset. Each of the system’s transport layers utilizes a protective cryptographic suite. With the aid of mixed transmissions, it is not possible to discover a user’s privacy in transmission.

IoTE secures a user’s information privacy by mixing up the funding source. Each of the wallets comprises inputs that are imagined to be secret currencies.

Conclusion

Generally, Blockchain is not required to resolve the protocol and system of IoTE devices. IoTE simply needs to write major information into Blockchain via consensus.

With a decentralized structure, blockchain efficiently assures the protection of IoT devices. And, as the number of nodes grow rapidly, the decentralized management makes hacking less possible.

Amazing highpoints of the new IoT Explorer

转https://paperblockchain.com/amazing-highpoints-of-the-new-iot-explorer/

The Internet of Things, popularly known by its acronym IoT is essentially comprised of several devices everywhere in the world that helps send our sensor data to different systems, the systems in return observe, report the data and subsequently respond to it. It is unarguable that IoTE is the next generation Internet of Things Explorer platform.

Internet of things (IoT) world map with connected devices

As an IoT Explorer platform is one software middleware retinue that provides important enabling layers between connected sensors and user’s application, IoTE prides itself as one of the leading platforms that provides secure, private, fast and strong scalability for smart Internet of Things applications and on the larger scale, the ecosystems.

The top highlights of IoTE

  1. With the IoTE, Internet of Things Explorer platform, early participation is always encouraged as it is beneficial. This is because usually, the first (six) stages that makes up the block award are made out into halves each six months that passes;
  2. As the IoTE is user oriented, it introduces the Masternode network where the user who is the node builder would get up to 35 percent of the revenue from rewards made by the block;
  3. IoTE’s original CryptoVantaa algorithm is CPU friendly,GPU resistant and ASIC resistant;
  4. The POW utilizes CPU mining and amazingly, developers have made sure that its threshold is low enough to accommodate wide participation by any and everyone who wishes to use it;
  5. IoTE ensures effective operation of P2P networks by the combination of the PoW+iPoS hybrid consensus mechanism;
  6. The explorer makes use of amazing albeit innovative decentralized management proposal systems that helps to certify and solidify the future DAPP ecological construction;
  7. With the advent of blockchain tech, the combination of blockchain and IoT helps solve the difficulties associated with different commercial structures in place and of course, creates new structures for future users;
  8. The IoTE comes with second to none privacy features that are in built hence users can decide to be anonymous and can be privately searched;
  9. IoTE envisages that the future will certainly be hinged on the DAG and IPFS technologies hence same has been incorporated to make sure that data can be stored properly and interactions can be done with speed;
  10. Finally, the IoTE has a peculiar design created to adapt complex applications envisaged in years to come. It has a multi-layer network structure and a loosely coupled modular design.

IoTE is certainly the next generation explorer platform and its developers have seen to it that the combination of unique features that promotes privacy and security makes it one force to be reckoned with.